Curriculum Guide – Mystery of the Bear Cub

A detailed Teacher’s Guide for Cooper and Packrat; Mystery of the Bear Cub,  has been  created by Maine’s 2013 Teacher of the Year, Shannon Shanning.  She tested and piloted the ideas and projects in her all-inclusive classroom with seventh and eighth grade students.

Mystery Of The Bear Cub ~ Teaching Guide

The guide can also be used on younger grades with just a little bit of tweaking, especially the vocabulary lists and comprehension questions.

For more great classroom ideas and projects, follow Shannon on Twitter @sshanning28  or follow me, @TamraWight, since I’m in the classroom as well.  Everyday, we post interesting and interactive concepts, as well as student reactions to the lesson plans.

For great classroom lessons and projects, follow Shannon on Twitter @sshanning28  or follow me, @TamraWight, since I’m in the classroom as well.  Everyday, we post interesting, interactive and current concepts, as well as student reactions to the lesson plans.

The wildlife photos you see on this website taken by me, are free for your use in your curriculum or for your students to use in their projects. All I ask is that you keep the photo intact with my copyright information.

Be sure to check out the Words and Wildlife Blog for some of my wildlife-stalking adventure stories, such as the summer I monitored a loon family from nesting and hatching, until they flew south for the winter. Or the time I videotaped a snapping turtle fight . . . which in turn ended up a scene in the first chapter of Mystery of the Bear Cub!

Come visit us again for updates, and please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any questions.




Prime The Pump

Before reading the book, get students thinking about the impacts of trash on our wildlife and land.  Gather common trash items and create matching cards for each of them with the years it would take to decompose. (Page 201 in Mystery of the Bear Cub has a list)

For example:  An aluminum can = 80 to 100 years to decompose

Have students try to match them while discussing topics such as why it takes glass a million years, as opposed to a tin can that takes 50 years to completely decompose.  Why are six pack rings and fishing line a danger to animals if left in the wild?

Research Links:

Leave No Trace     A great resource for teaching the effects of litter on our planet. This link has the decomposition timeline and a video you can show students. It also has some alternate teaching resources.

Ocean Garbage Patches     The National Ocean Service Podcast on Garbage Patches in our oceans and how they were created.

Bear in my Backyard!

Black Bears were the one animal of the series I couldn’t monitor first-hand or take pictures of  in the wild. We simply didn’t have them at Poland Spring Campground when I lived there. Besides, black bears normally try to avoid humans at all costs.  So, I visited the Maine Wildlife Park in Gray, Maine several times to ask questions and get a closer look at the animal I wanted Cooper and Packrat to help save.  I talk more about this in my Acknowledgements in the back of the book.

Then, a year after Mystery of the Bear Cub was released, and we had sold our 40 acre campground to move to a 2 acre piece of land, this black bear visited my backyard! Imagine my surprise!  I’m posting the video here, for you to show your students as a pre-reading activity.  You just never know the wildlife that might come visit you!

Turtle Fight!

Chapter 1 features a Snapping Turtle fight, which I really did witness from my kayak along with fellow kayaker Cynthia Lord.  We must have watched the two turtles fighting for at least 15 minutes!

Taking photos and videos is how I collect most of my research, and I use them to pull the describing details I’ll need to put the images in the readers head, so they’ll see the same turtle fight I did.

Show these videos to your students. Then read chapter 1.  Afterward, ask students which details they think pulled directly from the video.

For example one answer might be:  A huge claw-like thing, about the size of my palm, rose up out of the water. It was dark brownish-green with nails about an inch and a half long. Sharp nails! It hung there, reaching for the sky.

How Does Recycling Work?

We found that while students knew how to recycle, and the importance of it, they weren’t sure why or what happens afterward.  Here are links to Recycling Information to help Prime The Pump with students before or during reading Mystery of the Bear Cub:

Reading Rainbow video on recycling

NASA Climate Kids: Recycling

Campfire Read with Discussion Cards

What better way to read, discuss, and analyze Cooper & Packrat’s adventures than by sitting around a campfire?  Create Prediction, Character Trait, Discussion Point, and Vocabulary cards for each reader and yourself.  As students read out loud over the campfire, anyone may ask a question or suggest a prediction by holding up the appropriate card.

Campfires are easy to build!  The base is a circle of cardboard, with a ring of rocks hot-glued around the outer edge and a teepee of sticks inside the rocks. When the glue is cool, put flickering battery operated tea lights in the bottom and tuck red, yellow and orange tissue paper inside the sticks.

Shannon and I like to serve hot cocoa and a snack, and turn the lights down low so we can see the flickering campfire. We’ve also played campfire sounds. Students beg to read!

What is a Privy and What Can You Find In It’s Depths?

We were fortunate enough to have Shannon’s findings from in and around her 100 year old farmhouse to use as a hands-on activity to show students what could be found in a privy dig.

When students think of a privy, they think of a porta-potty.  But privy digging is more like an archeological dig.

Here are some links about privy digging to help give you and your students background knowledge. Some incredible things have been found through privy digging!

Treasure Hunters Privy ~ USA Today –  The article we used to talk to students about privy digging and 150 year old poop.

Tales of a Privy Pirate ~  Privy digging is actually controversial.  Archaeologists believe privy diggers dig more for their own personal gains rather than digging to explore history.  This article discusses the reasons why privy diggers do what they do:

Everyone has their own ideas. Some don’t like to tell anybody anything. I think that’s wrong. It’s selfish. If you’re uncovering history, get that history out to the world. Don’t keep it to yourself. Just have fun, get out there and dig as much as you can. It’s what keeps me going in life.”   ~  George Mathes

Bottle Dumps: Where Did They Come From?

While hiking in Auburn, Maine one day, my husband and I saw something glinting just  a couple yards off the trail through the woods. I followed that glint, until I found a bottle half buried under leaves and dirt. I dug out that bottle and found another and another.

Back at home I looked on the internet and discovered a whole new world. Bottle dump research led to Privy digging which had me giggling over 100 year old poop being dug and sifted for historical artifacts.  Right away I envisioned the scene where Cooper and Packrat eat their lunch at the bottom of a privy dig site.  The rest of the story grew from there.

Research Links:

Old bottles don’t need to talk — he knows their stories

Digging Antique Bottles